coffee farming

  1. A Coffee Bean’s Journey from Tree to Green Coffee

    A Coffee Bean’s Journey from Tree to Green Coffee

    Have you ever wondered what happens on a coffee farm? For one, your coffee beans are actually seeds and are called ‘coffee cherries’. And second, it can take up to five years before these coffee beans reach you. Let’s take a look at the fascinating journey your coffee bean takes before it’s sent to the roastery.

    It Starts with a Seed

    Your coffee bean’s great adventure starts with a humble seed. Freshly farmed (unprocessed) coffee beans are planted into rich soil in the nursery and left for about a month or two. Once these seedlings are big enough, they are planted for production where they are left to grow into coffee trees. Factors such as country of origin, climate, soil, altitude, wind and rainfall, will influence how the coffee will eventually taste, giving the coffee bean its unique taste profile. At this stage, the waiting game begins—coffee trees can take up to five years to produce fruits (Arabica trees take seven years!), which are the little cherries where the coffee beans are extracted from. It will take about another nine months before these coffee cherries are ripe enough to harvest.

    Harvesting

    [caption id="attachment_11319" align="alignnone" width="1920"]coffee cherries on a coffee plant Coffee cherries have to be harvested in stages because they don’t ripen at the same time. Photo from Daniel Reche.[/c
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  2. Coffee Comes From Cherries and 7 Other Juicy Facts

    Coffee Comes From Cherries and 7 Other Juicy Facts

    The common conception of coffee is that of a dark, bitter, and caffeinated beverage that is derived from brown beans. Here’s the truth - technically, coffee beans aren’t beans. They are seeds from a fruit. So, grab a cup of your favourite brew as we pick out some rich and tasty facts about the coffee cherry.

    1. Did you know that coffee is a fruit?

    Surprise, surprise! You may or may not have known that coffee grows on a tree, and the beans are in fact, the pit of a fruit. That fruit largely resembles a cherry, which gives it its name - coffee cherry.

    2. The anatomy of a coffee cherry

    [caption id="attachment_10360" align="alignnone" width="1024"]the anatomy of a coffee cherry A typical coffee cherry contains two seeds that become coffee beans once roasted. Photo from Blue Coffee Box.[/caption] The cherry’s exterior is hard and waxy, with a juicy flesh lining the interior. Underneath that lining lies the pulp, which resembles the pulps of an orange. It has a slimy texture but contains complex sugars that provide sustenance for the cherry. Once you open up the pulp, you will find two seeds that are protected by a paper-like layer, which will come off during processing. Once the seeds are roasted, they will transform into the brown coffee beans that we are all familiar with.

    3. How is a coffee tree planted?

    As long as the bean is not processed, it can be planted to grow into a coffee tree. There are four main coffee bean-growing regions around the world: Central America, South America, Africa and Indonesia. Known as the Coffee Belt, these regions share a tropical climate and have rich environments that support the growth of co
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